History of Bogota
The Bogotá region was originally inhabited by an indigenous people of the Muisca group. At the time, the Muiscas were agricultural people organized in centralized villages. They were the most important and advanced civilization in Latin America after the Incas and the Aztecs.
They lived by working the land, exploiting salt and gold mines, fields in which they excelled. They had many rituals using emeralds and other precious metals, which attracted the Spaniards in their quest for wealth and their desire to find El Dorado. Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada founded the city of Santa Fé de Bogota in 1538 after a long period of struggle with the peoples there.
During the colonial period, the city was the capital of New Granada (a vice-royalty of the Spanish Crown) until 1810. In 1814, the liberator of northern South America, Simon Bolívar, marched to Bogotá and won the Battle of Boyaca in 1819, which gave the country its freedom. Bogotá became the capital of Gran Colombia.
When to visit Bogota?
You can visit Bogotá all year round. The city has almost no alternating seasons with an annual average of between 7 and 20°C. In Bogotá, temperatures vary according to the amount of sunshine.
However, there is a little more rain between March/May and from October to November. It is important to know that in Bogotá you can often find all four seasons in one day.
How to get to Bogota?
There are 2 airports in Bogota: El Dorado International Airport which is the main gateway to Colombia and the national airport (Terminal Puente Aéreo). About 1 km separates them. They are connected by a free transit service. The national airport serves the national flights of the company Avianca.
To reach the city centre from the airport, there are several options:
- The quickest and easiest way is by taxi. You will easily find classic (yellow) taxis at the airport exit. It costs 20,000 to 30,000 pesos to get to the centre and 30 minutes to 1 hour to get to the centre, depending on the traffic density.
- Alternatively, you can book a private taxi in advance, either through your hotel, travel agent or at counters within the airport. This will cost you more, but will ensure you get a taxi.
- The cheapest but most time-consuming and complicated option is to use public transport. CAUTION: avoid if you are loaded, with many valuables and/or if you arrive during rush hour (in the morning around 8am and in the evening between 5 and 7pm). The Transmilenio M89 passes in front of the El Dorado airport exit. It runs fairly regularly and will drop you off either near the centre or at the El Dorado Gate where you can catch other Transmilenio to your destination. The journey will cost you 2,400 pesos, but you will need to buy a card beforehand for 3,000 pesos. There are other city buses that pass through the airport exit, such as the P500.
Bus: From Bogotá’s various bus terminals, you can access almost all of the country’s major (and smaller) cities. There are several in the city, the Terminal de Transporte Salitre to go west, the Terminal Satélite del Norte, Portal Norte and the Terminal Satélite del Sur
How to get around Bogotá?
The Bus: There are 3 types of bus that run through Bogotá. The fastest is the Transmilenio, which has its own bus lanes and crosses the main avenues. To enter a Transmilenio station you need a rechargeable card (Mi llave) which costs 3,000 pesos and you have to pay 2,400 pesos per entry. Beware: during rush hour, the Transmilenio can be very congested and difficult to bear.
Another alternative is the SITP, a modern blue city bus that is more traditional and stops at specific bus stops. A good option that also works with the rechargeable card where each trip costs 2,000 pesos. However, it is difficult to know when the SITP will pass and some may take a long time to come.
The last option is the small bus “buseta” which can be paid in cash for the modest sum of 1,650 pesos and which stops where the users decide. All you have to do is press the stop button and the driver will stop. A practical bus because it passes quite regularly and it allows you to stop wherever you want on its route.
Taxis: Taxis are everywhere in Bogotá, and you will always find one at any time. Yellow in colour, a minimum fare will cost you 4,400 pesos and 6,400 pesos at night, on weekends and holidays. Each taxi has a taximeter with a number that scrolls, this number represents a fare that you can check on a card hanging on the seat in front of you.
Cycling: Cycling is a pleasant way to visit the city, especially on Sundays as many avenues are closed to cars and turned into cycle paths. For the rest of the week, ciclovias have been built along more than 250km around the city.
Safety: Is Bogota a dangerous city?
The situation in the Colombian capital has improved significantly. The number of police officers and private security guards on the streets has greatly increased, which deters criminals.
However, Bogotá remains a city where one must be vigilant, as in any large city in the world. It is important not to take your mobile phone or valuables out into the street at random, for example.
At night, avoid walking alone in dark or quiet streets. Take a pre-booked taxi or Uber for 2/3€ and make sure you get home safely.
Some areas should be avoided, such as the area around Candelaria or Caracas Avenue. The Zona T/Zona G/ Chico / Parque de la 93 / Chapinero alto areas are more “chic” and therefore safer. If you are attacked (increasingly rare), it is essential to give what you have without bargaining or resisting. Common sense is the key.
Early February: Centro Festival in the Candelaria and other parts of the city to discover the musical diversity of Colombia.
- Mid-March, early April: Ibero-American Theatre Festival
- Mid-April, early May: Bogotá International Book Fair
- Early July: Rock Al Parque festival (Simon Bolivar square).
- 20 July: Colombian Independence Day with military parades in the main streets of the capital.
- August 6 and 7: anniversary of the foundation of Santa Fé de Bogotá with concerts and performances. The next day, a parade in memory of the Battle of Boyacá.
- Mid-September: the Jazz al Parque festival in Bogotá.
Health and equipment needed to visit Bogotá
Tennis shoes, cold weather clothing, mackintosh, sun cream, sunglasses (especially for the Monserrate), umbrella. Beware of the altitude for people with heart and/or respiratory problems (2600m altitude).
How long can I stay in Bogota?
Like many travelers you will probably start your trip in Bogota. Often travelers only stay a short time in the city before moving on to other destinations in Colombia. However, there are many things to do in the Bogotá area, and these are generally not very touristy destinations. If you have time, we recommend that you visit the surrounding national parks such as Sumapaz, Chingaza, Chicaqué and many others.