The Coffee Region and Medellin
The coffee region and Medellin are charming and very dynamic areas, made up of a variety of coffee and flower plantations. If you are in Colombia, this is definitely a place to visit.
Medellin is Colombia's second biggest city and the metropolis is very well developed. It is a city that attracts many tourists thanks to its mountains, vegetation, architecture, 22°C climate, parks and museums. Medellin is known as the City of the Eternal Spring.
The coffee region is very attractive due to its historical and colonial villages, its fincas (smallholdings), coffee plantations, beautiful natural reserves and enchanting landscapes. The coffee region, also called “Coffee Triangle”, referring to a triangle formed by the three departments: Caldas (Manizales) Quindio (Armenia) and Risaralda (Pereira). Some of the best coffees in the world are found here. This area is located between the mountains of the Central Andes.
The features of this region are: the smell of coffee, the red color of the Yipaos (Jeeps), the Chivas (local public transport), the kindness and hospitality of the local population, who welcome visitors with opened arms and also the beautiful houses, coffee farms, colorful villages and the typical crafts from this region.
The landscape of the coffee region has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. This region is incredibly rich in biodiversity. It features thermal waters in the mountains, the hot lands of the Rio Cauca, sugar cane plantations which are used to produce the famous Panela, deserts and the huge palms which are a national emblem (palmera de cera in Spanish).
In addition, we can also find colorful flowers, different kinds of orchids, hummingbirds and other species of birds. Finally, plenty of coffee plantations are situated in the mountains of the region. This place is charming.
Colombia is the world's 3rd largest coffee producer (after Brazil and Vietnam), producing about 10 % of the world‘s coffee. This is thanks to the great weather conditions. This region allows the cultivation of coffee all year long. There are two harvests every year, the main one in October and the other in May.
HISTORY OF THE COFFEE REGION
During the 19th century, the coffee region was occupied by the Antioqueños. Then, a large number of migrants from the Cauca Valley and Bogotá helped the development of the coffee region. Many small producers cooperated to increase production. Bamboo forests were turned into coffee plantations (perfect conditions to grow coffee), between 900 and 2100 m. During the ‘80s and ‘90s the region went through a crisis and several coffee farms were converted into hotels while continuing the coffee culture.